Lucia Swarts studied with Anner Bijlsma at the Royal Conservatoire in The Hague, where was received her solo degree in 1982. In her last year of study she made her debut in the Kleine Zaal in the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam as a prize winner in the New Vintage series. Lucia Swarts has made a specialisation in baroque music. She is senior cello teacher at the Royal Conservatoire in modern and baroque cello. Swarts is active as a soloist as well as a player in various ensembles, such as the Asko Schönberg Ensemble, Residentie Bach Ensemble and the Apollo Ensemble. She is principal cellist in the Orchestra of The Netherlands Bach Society (De Nederlandse Bachvereniging).
She has recorded five solo CDs, with pieces by composers such as Vivaldi, Bach, Boccherini, Saint-Saens. Gubaidulina, Gounod, and Busoni. Lucia plays on a cello by Johannes Cuypers (1763) and Pieter Rombouts (1710).